Fish are cold-blooded, which means their body temperature matches the water temperature. In the winter, water on the bottom of a lake or ocean will generally be the warmest. Long after fish have left the upper water column bottomfish will still be snapping. To fish through winter, turn your attention down deep.
Lisa Ballard: Outer Banks, North Carolina
International angler and outdoor writer
Season: Late fall to winter
Forecast: Calm, strong tidal flow
Fish Finder: Cast a sinking fly to the sandy or muddy edge of an oyster reef, jetty rocks, grass bank or channel.
Let the fly drift across soft bottom while keeping your rod tip low. When you feel the slightest bump of the flounder, pause for five seconds before setting the hook; flounder are famous for spitting the fly. Set the hook by pulling the rod to the side to keep the line low. If you miss a bite, make another cast to the same area, flounder don’t move far.
Tip: Use a net to land flounder. They have sharp teeth and their odd shape makes them hard to grasp. The flat fish are famous for flopping out of the kayak and back into the water.
Rod: 8-weight, 9-foot rod
Reel: Saltwater reel/ 7-weight
Line: Floating line in the shallows, sinking-tip line in water up to 12 feet deep and sinking line in deeper water.
Leader: 20-pound fluorocarbon
Flies: Flounder have a small mouth. Size 2 to 4, long-shank-hook streamers like Clouser minnows and tiger rattlers with lead eyes.
Tim Moore: New England
Fishing guide, Old Town pro, www.timmooreoutdoors.com
Season: Late winter
Forecast: Calm seas and high pressure
Fish Finder: Black sea bass move inshore to water 30 to 60 feet deep. To find the fish, look for rock piles, wrecks, bridge and dock pilings.
Most common tactic is fishing a two-hook bottom rig baited with strips of squid. I prefer to use a vertical jig because it doesn’t require bait. After marking the structure on the fish finder, I drift over the area bouncing the jig off the bottom.
Secret to success: It takes a fine touch to work the jig without getting snagged. Between bounces, allow the jig to rest on the bottom for a few seconds. Sea bass often bite on the pause.
Tip: When you get snagged on the bottom, put the rod in a rod-holder and the reel in freespool with the clicker on. Paddle up-current from the snag, tighten the line, and gently pop the rod to free the hook.
Rod: 7-foot, medium-heavy conventional
Reel: 6:1 high-speed, 20-pound class
Line: 50-pound braided line
Leader: 50-pound fluorocarbon for abrasion resistance
Lures: Daddy Mac Diamond Chain and Elite Deluxe jigs
Annie Nagel: Mendocino, California
Ocean Kayak pro
Season: Early winter or early spring
Forecast: Light wind and no swell
Fish finder: Look for pinnacles and ledges
Use a two lure set-up with a heavy jig on the bottom and a light shrimp fly 12 inches above. Let your jig bounce against the rocks making noise to attract curious ling cod. Ling are aggressive, I will often catch two fish on one drop.
Many times, a larger ling will latch onto a smaller one; be prepared to net or gaff two fish at once. When I feel a smaller ling on my line, I’ll wait 15 seconds before reeling up in hopes that a larger fish will eat the smaller one. Local anglers love the challenge of a double hook-up.
Rod: 7-foot Shimano Trevala ML jigging rod with fast tip and strong backbone.
Reel: Shimano Stradic 5000
Line: 50-pound braided line
Leader: 4 feet of 30-pound monofilament
Lures: 4- to 8-ounce metal jig or jighead and 6.5-inch Big Hammer soft plastic Senorita and shrimp fly on a 6/0 Aquahunters hook.